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Azerbaycanin xeritesi

Official name: the Republic of Azerbaijan
Capital city: Baku
State language: Azerbaijani language
Main religion: İslam
Population: 8 million 265 thousand people
Territory:  86,6 thousand km2
Administrative-territorial division: one autonomous subject  - Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, 65 districts, 69 towns, 13 town districts, 130 urban-type communities  and 4354 rural residential sites
Monetary unit: 1 manat = 100 qepiks
Physical map of Azerbaijan

History of Azerbaijan

Archaeologist dates the first human settlements in present day Azerbaijan to the Stone Age. Pre-historic cave dwellings have been excavated throughout Azerbaijan, one of the more important being the excavation at Gobustan, famous for its rock paintings.The roots of present day Azerbaijan trace back to the fourth century B.C., with the emergence of the two kingdoms of Caucasian Albania in the north, and the Atropatan in the south.

Continuing the centuries-long statehood traditions, taking as a basis the principles expressed in the Constitution act "On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan", desiring to provide prosperity and welfare of the whole society and each individual, wishing to establish freedom and security, understanding the responsibility before the past, present and future generations, using the right of its sovereignty declares solemnly its following intentions:
  - to protect the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan;
  - to provide a democratic system within the frames of the Constitution;
  - to achieve the establishment of a civil society;
  - to build a law-based, secular state to provide the command of law as an expression of the will of the nation;
  - to provide a worthy life level for everybody in conformity with just economic and social order;
  - to remain faithful to universal human values, to live in peace and freedom with all the nations of the world and co-operate with them for this purpose.


Article 23.  The symbols of the Republic of Azerbaijan (extract from the Constitution)